For many reasons, sometimes people aren’t
able to maintain their recommended frequency of dental checkups.
Oftentimes, when extended time has gone in between cleanings, a more advanced cleaning
may be recommended by your doctor. Harmful bacteria and hard tartar deposits
called calculus build up on your teeth above and below the gumline, releasing toxins that
cause gum disease, also known as periodontitis. Unfortunately, this buildup occurs in areas
that can’t be taken care of by brushing, flossing, or even a regular dental cleaning.
Over time, if periodontitis progresses, it can lead to increased inflammation, bleeding,
receding gums, and ultimately receding bone tissue.
Your doctor can recommend a procedure called scaling and root planing, to remove these
deposits from your teeth. Scaling and root planing is a specialized
procedure that removes excessive calculus and the bacterial deposits beneath the gumline,
and is usually performed with a hand scaler, and an ultrasonic cleaner, which uses high-frequency
vibrations to separate the calculus from the tooth.
This procedure is for advanced periodontitis cases, and in many cases is so extensive that
it must be done in stages. It may require multiple appointments to complete
in order to ensure you are as comfortable as possible during the procedure.
By removing the deposits and bacteria, this procedure is in many cases able to hold the
spread of periodontitis. Your doctor will determine the next steps for continued rehabilitation
of your gum tissue. However, if these symptoms are not treated
appropriately, the progression can advance to a point of tooth and bone loss, requiring
costly and painful reconstructive dentistry to treat.